It specifically discusses in several passages the socially and culturally degenerative effects of war on humanity itself. Most modern editions and translations of the History include the chapter numbers in the margins.
Thucydides undoubtedly heard some of these speeches himself while for others he relied on eyewitness accounts.
Themistocles devised a clever stratagem: These speeches are suspect in the eyes of Classicists, however, inasmuch as it is not sure to what degree Thucydides altered these speeches in order to most clearly elucidate the crux of the argument presented. Thucydides survived an attack of the plague and left a vivid account of its impact on Athenian morale.
Instead, Thucydides regards history as being caused by the choices and actions of human beings. He seems to have been killed about b.
At sea a detachment of Persian ships attempted to surprise the Greek fleet, but the Greeks, forewarned, engaged the main Persian navy.
The Greek Empire is the largest in world history. This method contrasts sharply with Herodotus. It was a period in which diplomatic maneuvers gradually gave way to small-scale military operations as each city tried to win smaller states over to its side.
The History is especially concerned with the lawlessness and atrocities committed by Greek citizens to each other in the name of one side or another in the war. Alcibiades was exiled as he created problems, and betrayed Athens to join Sparta.
Outline of the work[ edit ] Book 1 The state of Greece from the earliest times to the commencement of the Peloponnesian Waralso known as the Archaeology. This uprising, known as the Ionian revolt — bcefailed, but its consequences for the mainland Greeks were momentous.
He states that this is the result of the development of piracy and coastal settlements in earlier Greece.
Sparta and its allies accused Athens of aggression and threatened war. Over the next several years Sparta's superior land forces conducted annual destructive invasions of Attica while Athens' superior naval forces conducted constant raids along the coast of the Peloponnesus.
Lucian also parodies it among others in his satire The True Histories.
For example, the notation that Pericles' last speech runs from 2.Peloponnesian War, (– bce), war fought between the two leading city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta. Each stood at the head of alliances that. Ancient Greece Peloponnesian War. History >> Ancient Greece. The Peloponnesian War was fought between the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta.
It lasted from BC to BC. Athens ended up losing the war, bringing an end to the golden age of Ancient Greece.
Overview Timeline of Ancient Greece Geography The City of Athens Sparta. Sal provides an overview of ancient Greece from the Greek Dark Ages to Archaic Greece to the Classical and Hellenistic periods. Familiarity with the major greek city-states (especially Athens and Sparta), including the most known traditions.
Prelude to the Peloponnesian War. The Peloponnesian War. Next tutorial. Classical Greece. Greco-Persian Wars, also called Persian Wars, (– bce), a series of wars fought by Greek states and Persia over a period of almost half a century.
The fighting was most intense during two invasions that Persia launched against. The 2nd Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta (the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League) which involved all of Greece.
BCE The. Complete summary of Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War. eNotes plot summaries cover all the significant action of History of the Peloponnesian War.Download